Stuart Gilby received his Bachelor of Laws degree and Master of Laws degree from Dalhousie Law School in 1995 and 1996 respectively. Stuart's Master of Laws thesis examined the extensive problem of environmental racism and its impacts on Indigenous Peoples throughout Canada.
Stuart is a member of the New Brunswick Law Society, the Nova Scotia Barristers' Society and the Canadian Bar Association - of which he is a past Chair of the Environmental Law Subsection for Nova Scotia. He is also a member of the National Aboriginal Forestry Association. He has presented papers at a wide range of legal and other professional groups' conferences across Canada and overseas and he often lectures on Indigenous Peoples’ rights at universities, colleges and secondary schools.
His preferred area of practice is Aboriginal Law and he acts for First Nations, Tribal Councils, First Nations' and Métis representative organizations across Canada as both a litigator and negotiator. Stuart has been involved in a number of major cases concerning Aboriginal and Treaty rights at all levels of court in several provinces and the NWT, as well as the Federal Court, the Federal Court of Appeal and at the Supreme Court of Canada. He has engaged in various substantive negotiation tables across the country on behalf of First Nation and Métis Peoples with the Crown and industry on a wide range of issues including: Aboriginal and Treaty Rights, Aboriginal Title, Impact and Benefits Agreements, environmental protection agreements, business and corporate matters, economic development, education and training, employment and labour, governance, health, natural resources, and social development.
He has been designated by his peers as one of the "Best Lawyers in Canada" engaged in the practice of Aboriginal Law each year from 2006-2007 through 2018-2019 in the publication Best Lawyers. He has been designated as "Repeatedly Recommended" in the practice area of Aboriginal Law by his peers through the legal publisher Lexpert. Stuart has been listed by the publication LawDay as one of the 35 leading lawyers in Canada in the practice area of Aboriginal Law.